The Code of Ethics for Phlebotomists with Interpretive Statements sets the ethical standard for the profession and provides guidance to phlebotomists on ethical review and decision-making. It is not negotiable in any situation, or subject to revision or modification, except through a formal review process by the American Phlebotomists Association. The Code of Ethics for Phlebotomists emerges from the long and enduring moral tradition of modern medicine in the United States. It is fundamental to medical theory, practice and practice in its expression of the values, virtues and commitments that characterize, guide and inform the medical profession. Standards of practice should be developed by phlebotomitists and based on ethical obligations and medical knowledge. These standards must also reflect medicine`s responsibility to society. Medical identifies its own field of activity as informed, specified or directed by state and federal laws, by relevant societal values and by the Code of Ethics with interpretive statements and Medicine: Scope and standards of 17 Defence against professional misconduct Good standard of practice Document clearly and completely Shows what was done When it was done And by whom it was done Whenever an unusual incident occurs during a Phlebotomy procedure takes place, report it immediately to your supervisor and complete an incident report Prior to implementation, all research must be approved by a formally constituted and qualified review committee to ensure the protection of participants and the ethical integrity of the research. Phlebotomists are responsible for contributing to a moral environment that requires respectful interaction with colleagues, mutual support, and open identification of difficult problems, including ongoing training of employees on ethical problem solving. Phlebotomist managers have a special responsibility to ensure that employees are treated fairly and justly and that phlebotomists are involved in decisions about their practice and working conditions. Unsafe or inappropriate activities or practices may not be tolerated or continued. Phlebotomists should address concerns about the health environment through appropriate channels. After repeated efforts to effect change, phlebotomists have a duty to resign from health care facilities, agencies, or institutions that exhibit persistent patterns of violation of patients` rights, or when phlebotomists are required to compromise standards of practice or personal integrity, and if the administration fails to address the phlebotomists` concerns.
After the resignation, efforts to combat violations should continue. The needs of patients must never be used to hold phlebotomists hostage in morally unacceptable and persistent work environments. If phlebotomists remain in such an environment, they risk, even if they become complicit in ethically unacceptable practices out of financial necessity and may have personal, professional, and possibly legal consequences. Continuous professional growth, especially in terms of knowledge and skills, requires a commitment to lifelong learning. This learning includes continuing education, peer networking, self-study, professional reading, specialized certification, and seeking graduate degrees. Phlebotomists must continue to learn about new concepts, evolving issues, concerns, controversies and health ethics relevant to the scope and standards of current and evolving medical practice. If the care required is not within the competence of the individual phlebotomist, specialist advice should be sought or the patient referred to others for appropriate specialist care. Phlebotomists should be aware of the particular concerns raised by research with vulnerable groups, including patients, children, minorities, prisoners, pregnant women, fetuses, the elderly, people with cognitive disabilities, and those who are economically or educationally disadvantaged.
The phlebotomal who directs or conducts research activities in any capacity should be fully informed of the qualifications of the principal investigator, the rights and obligations of all persons involved in the research study in question and the ethical conduct of the research in general. Phlebotomists have a duty to question ethically questionable research findings and, if necessary, report them and refuse participation. The origins of the Code of Ethics for Phlebotomists with interpretative declarations date back to the late 1800s with the founding of the American Phlebotomists Association, the first ethical literature in modern medicine, and the first Code of Medical Conduct, officially adopted in 1950. In the 65 years since the adoption of this first Code of Professional Ethics, medicine has changed as art, science and practice have evolved, society itself has changed, and awareness of the global nature of health and the determinants of disease has grown. While the Code of Ethics of Phlebotomists reflects the proud ethical heritage of medicine with interpretive statements, it is also a guide for all current and future phlebotomists. Phlebotomists have a duty to know the moral and legal rights of patients. Phlebotomists preserve, protect and support these rights by assessing the patient`s understanding of both the information presented and the impact of decisions. It is generally believed that risks that occur in less than 1% of cases do not need to be discussed. There is no precedent for this practice and it is immediately questionable due to statistical accuracy. Although the restriction of informed consent was accepted in the Sidaway case, there is a trend towards more comprehensive risk advice.4 If an unusual complication is particularly serious for this patient, the physician should inform the patient. For example, a public speaker should be informed of the risk of injury to the superior laryngeal nerve during thyroid lobectomy; Although unusual, it would have special significance for his career.
Phlebotomists should use established processes to report and address questionable practices. All phlebotomists have a responsibility to assist “whistleblowers” who identify potentially questionable practices and to reduce the risk of retaliation against the reporting phlebotomist. State phlebotomist associations should be prepared to advise and assist their members in the development and evaluation of these reporting processes and procedures. Accurate reporting and factual documentation are essential for all these measures. If a phlebotomist chooses to responsibly report situations perceived as unethical, incompetent, illegal or compromised, the professional organization has a responsibility to protect the practice of phlebotomists who formally choose to report their concerns. Reporting questionable practices, even if done appropriately, can pose a significant risk to the phlebotomist; However, such a risk does not absolve the obligation to address threats to patient safety. Phlebotomists are an integral part of a modern medical team. As such, their work involves much more than just the mechanics of taking blood. An important part of training a phlebotomist is learning the ethical and legal issues related to the field of phlebotomy. This article will give you a brief overview of some of the major legal issues that phlebotomists face on a daily basis.
You might be surprised to see an attack on a list of legal problems in phlebotomy. Unfortunately, they hide closer to the surface than you might think. If a phlebotomist threatens someone with a needle, he has committed an attack. Simply put, aggression is defined as making someone fear that you are using force to hurt them. This can be a sensitive topic for phlebotomists, as many people are afraid of needles and the pain associated with venipuncture. A well-trained phlebotomist knows how to treat patients safely and legally. The issues discussed here are just the tip of the iceberg. If you would like to continue your education and learn more about phlebotomy, contact PhlebotomyU today. We accompany you during your entry into this exciting and dynamic profession. Medicine includes the prevention of disease, alleviation of suffering, and the protection, promotion and restoration of health in the care of individuals, families, groups, communities and populations.